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論電商平臺經營者“相應的責任”的法律適用
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國家社會科學基金項目:大數據時代公共數據開放中個人數據保護制度研究(17BZZ078);廣西民族大學相思湖青年學者創新團隊資助項目:中國東盟知識產權合作與保護研究創新團隊(2018RSCXSHQN01);廣西民族大學研究生教育創新計劃項目:電商平臺經營者民事責任的法律適用(GXUN-CHXPS201975)


Legal Application of "Corresponding Liability" of E-commerce Platform Operators
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    摘要:

    我國《電子商務法》第38條第2款有關電商平臺經營者侵權責任的規定自立法之初便飽受爭議,歷經演變確立為“相應的責任”,體現出立法進程中多方主體的利益博弈與妥協?!跋鄳呢熑巍痹诮忉屔洗嬖谳^大的具體化空間,其法律適用成為司法實踐關注的焦點。電商平臺經營者“相應的責任”的法律適用應區分兩種情形:一是屬于特別法規定的情形,應優先適用特別法;二是不屬于特別法規定的情形,應綜合其盡職程度、損害后果的因果關系等因素進行侵權責任認定。其中,電商平臺經營者違反形式審核義務的屬直接侵權,應承擔連帶責任;違反實質審核義務的屬間接侵權,應承擔補充責任;違反安全保障義務的,應承擔按份責任。

    Abstract:

    Article 38, paragraph 2 of E-commerce law concerning the provisions of tort liability of e-commerce platform operators has been subject to disputes since the beginning of the legislation and bas been established as "corresponding liability" after evolution, which reflects the interest game and compromise of various subjects in the legislative process.The interpretation of "corresponding liability" leaves a large room for concretization,and its legal application has become the focus of judicial practice.The legal application of"corresponding liability"of e-commerce platform operators should distinguish two situations.First,the special law shall be applied in priority to cases specified in the special law.Second, if the case does not belong to the special law, the tort liability should be determined based on the factors such as the degree of due diligence and the causal relationship with the consequence of damage.Among them, those who violate the obligation of formal examination belong to direct infringement and shall bear joint and several liability.Those who violate the obligation of substantive examination belong to indirect infringement and shall bear supplementary liability.However, those who violate the security obligation shall bear the shared liability, and the e-commerce platform operators shall bear the non-primary liability less than 50% of the total liability.

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陳星,楊小藝.論電商平臺經營者“相應的責任”的法律適用[J].重慶郵電大學學報(社會科學版),2020,32(4):36-43

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  • 收稿日期:2020-03-05
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  • 在線發布日期: 2020-08-08

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