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美國網絡中立原則的興廢
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中央高?;究蒲袠I務費專項:基于多源異構大數據的創新生態發展與政府治理研究(2018XKJC04)


On the Rise and Fall of the US Network Neutral Principle
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    摘要:

    網絡中立原則是互聯網數據傳輸方面的一項重要原則。關于網絡中立的定義目前尚未統一,但其內涵主要包括內容中立、價格中立、發送者中立和信息誠信四個方面。網絡中立原則的規制對象主要是通信網絡基礎設施運營商與寬帶接入服務商。美國是最早對網絡中立原則嘗試立法的國家,經歷反復最終被廢除。在這背后體現的是寬帶運營商與網絡內容服務提供者、民主黨與共和黨、美國聯邦與各州之間勢力的較量。美國網絡中立原則的立法中存在著違反法律穩定性的要求、法律位階較低、受政治因素的影響過大、立法和執法環節有待改善等一系列問題。美國廢除網絡中立原則實際上為美國遏制中國等國的發展提供了條件。

    Abstract:

    Network neutrality principle is an important principle in Internet data transmission. At present, the definition of network neutrality has not been unified, but its connotation mainly includes four aspects: content neutrality, price neutrality, sender neutrality and information integrity. The regulation objects of the network neutrality principle are mainly the communication network infrastructure operator and the broadband access service provider. The United States was the first country to try to legislate on the principle of network neutrality. But the principle of network neutrality was formally abolished. Behind them are the power struggles between broadband operators and network content service providers, Democrats and Republicans, the United States Federation and states. There are a series of problems in the legislation of the net neutrality principle in the United States, such as violation of the requirements of legal stability, low legal rank, excessive influence of political factors, and improvement of legislation and law enforcement link. To a certain extent, the abolition of the principle of network neutrality in the United States has provided convenience for the United States to curb China’s development.

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謝永江,楊慕青.美國網絡中立原則的興廢[J].重慶郵電大學學報(社會科學版),2019,31(5):31-42

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  • 收稿日期:2019-05-30
  • 最后修改日期:2019-07-09
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  • 在線發布日期: 2019-09-28

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