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《電子商務法》視角下網約車平臺的信息披露義務
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司法部國家法治與法學理論研究項目:互聯網環境下反壟斷法實施困境與對策研究(16SFB5031)


Information Disclosure Obligation of Online Car Hailing Platform from the Perspective of Electronic Commerce Law
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    摘要:

    近年來網約車平臺的信息管控問題受到較多關注。網約車屬于服務提供型電子商務平臺,具有更強的人身安全保障需求,以區別于以實物商品為交易標的的商品提供型電子商務平臺。網約車平臺對于服務提供過程中的駕乘信息有強大的管控能力,同時也需承擔承運人責任?!峨娮由虅辗ā窞殡娮由虅掌脚_直接或間接設定了信息披露義務,在《電子商務法》未明確規定或僅做原則性規定的情形下,網約車平臺亦應當根據實際情況將相應信息做單獨處理以滿足乘客、利益相關人和國家機關合法的信息披露要求。在一般情況下,網約車平臺需向一般公眾提供平臺信息與平臺內經營者信息,特別是法律要求的基本信息,而在特殊情況下,網約車平臺不僅需要提供相應個人信息與運營信息,還需滿足披露質量上的即時性和全面性要求。

    Abstract:

    In recent years, the information management and control problem of the network car hailing platform has been concerned. Being the service-providing e-commerce platform, online car hailing service has a stronger personal security protection requirement, which is different from the commodity-providing e-commerce platform that uses the physical goods as the transaction target. The network car platform has strong control ability over the driving information in the service provision process, and also bears the carrier’s responsibility. The E-commerce Law sets the information disclosure obligation directly or indirectly for the e-commerce platform. In the case that the E-commerce Law does not explicitly stipulate or only provides the principled provisions, the network car platform should also handle the corresponding information separately according to the actual situation to meet the legal information disclosure requirements of passengers, stakeholders and state organs. Under normal circumstances, the network car platform needs to provide the general public with the platform information and the information of the operators in the platform, especially the basic information required by law. In special cases, it not only requires the network car platform to provide corresponding personal information and operation information. It is also necessary to meet the immediacy and comprehensive requirements of disclosure quality.

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引用本文

周克放.《電子商務法》視角下網約車平臺的信息披露義務[J].重慶郵電大學學報(社會科學版),2019,31(3):57-62

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  • 收稿日期:2019-03-11
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  • 在線發布日期: 2019-06-09

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